Rheumatologic or autoimmune diseases are diseases that affect the connective tissue of the body. They are characterized as autoimmune, because they are caused by a disorder of the immune system in which it attacks healthy organs of the body itself. The result is inflammation and malfunction of the target organ.
Some of the characteristic autoimmune diseases concerning dermatology are Erythematosus lupus, Psoriatic arthritis, Scleroderma.
Erythematosus lupus has 3 forms, affecting the skin, hair, and organs of internal pathology. A characteristic feature of this disease is photosensitivity. Diagnosis is made after clinical examination by taking a skin tissue for histopathological examination and simultaneous laboratory examination.
Psoriatic arthritis is the arthritis that occurs in people with psoriasis. This arthritis may precede psoriasis. In these cases, the treatment is done with systematic treatment and always in cooperation with the rheumatologist.
Scleroderma is a disease that affects the elastic fibers of the skin and creates inelasticity. The results are visible in areas of the body that are localized or diffuse and that have limited mobility. However, scleroderma can also affect internal organs, but usually in its diffuse and persistent forms. In this case too, treatment should be done in cooperation with the rheumatologist.