Eczema, or otherwise atopic dermatitis, is a fairly common dermatological condition used to describe dry, red, and itchy skin that may become infectious or even appear thickened in chronic conditions. It is often associated with conjunctivitis and asthma, the typical triad of atopy.
Eczema is hereditary. It can occur from infancy and all stages of development, up to adulthood. Of course, until childhood, its appearance is more intense and is justified by the fact that the immune system has not fully matured.
Its treatment is aimed at keeping it in recession and includes prevention and treatment. Intense hydration and avoidance of common allergens, such as household dust, plush toys are some prevention methods. The treatment is applied when there are clinical signs of eczema and include the above in combination with the use of topical cortisone formulations in the affected area along with antihistamines. When the acute phase of atopic dermatitis has elapsed, the condition can be maintained in recession by also using topical calcineurin inhibitors and moisturizing creams.
Although eczema is not life-threatening, it is particularly important to treat it thoroughly as continuous skin remediation in the affected area creates an entrance gate for many common germs, such as Staphylococcus and Herpes simplex.
Tips on how to take care of your dry skin if you suffer from eczema:
We do not know exactly what is causing atopic dermatitis, the most common form of eczema. Experts believe that the main reasons are genetic & environmental.
An immune system malfunction can be involved, causing inflammation in the skin, even when there is no infection for it to appear.
Emotional disorders do NOT cause eczema but anxiety can worsen the symptoms.
Dry Skin Care:
Even when the eczema recedes, dry skin persists. Moisturize the skin with daily baths with warm water. Dry the skin softly & immediately apply a rich amount of moisturizing cream (cream, not lotion). Apply moisturizers all day long and use only mild soaps or cleansers. Look for fragrance-free products to help prevent any reaction.
Moreover, remember: “odorless” / “unscented” does not mean no fragrance, but is a product that contains another ingredient to cover the fragrance.